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DNR or "Do Not Resuscitate" Information


In medicine, a "do not resuscitate" or "DNR" , sometimes called a "No Code", is a legal order written either in the hospital or on a legal form to respect the wishes of a patient to not undergo CPR or advanced cardiac life support (ACLS) if their heart were to stop or they were to stop breathing. *


The DNR request is usually made by the patient or health care power of attorney and allows the medical teams taking care of them to respect their wishes.

In 1991 Congress passed into law the Patient Self-Determination Act that mandated hospitals honor an individual's decision in their healthcare. Forty-nine states currently permit the next of kin to make medical decisions of incapacitated relatives, the exception being Missouri. Missouri has a Living Will Statute that requires two witnesses to any signed advanced directive that results in a DNR/DNI code status in the hospital.

In the U.S., CPR and advanced cardiac life support (ACLS) will not be performed if a valid written "DNR" order is present. Many US states do not recognize living wills or health care proxies in the prehospital setting and prehospital personnel in those areas may be required to initiate resuscitation measures unless a specific state sponsored form is appropriately filled out and cosigned by a physician.

State laws vary but typically emergency medical services personnel who are presented with a valid DNR form, signed by your doctor, or who identify a standard DNR bracelet on you, must comply with the DNR order.

DNR Bracelets

If you would like to get a DNR bracelet, American Medical ID offers many styles of medical id jewelry bearing the traditional medical symbol on the front and DO NOT RESUSCITATE may be engraved on the ID. DNR bracelets alert emergency medical services personnel that a valid nonhospital DNR order is in effect. You can have a valid nonhospital DNR order without wearing a DNR bracelet - the bracelet is purely voluntary. A bracelet does not guarantee that medical personnel will abide by the order, so check with the laws in your state to assure yourself the best possibility that the DNR bracelet will be obeyed.

Always ensure that you or your loved one is wearing a diabetes bracelet before leaving the house. If necessary, pack an extra bracelet especially during special trips, particularly if you will be travelling alone. Always wear the bracelet where it can be spotted easily and avoid taking it off. It might cramp your style, but it can mean the difference between living a healthy life and suffering the consequences.

DNR Requirements and Forms by State

Alabama
Do Not Attempt Resuscitation Order

Alaska
Comfort One Program

Arizona
Life Care Planning FAQs

Arkansas
Rules and Regulations for DNR

California
DNR and Physician Orders

Colorado
DNR Directives

Connecticut
DNR Orders

Delaware
Medical Orders for Life-Sustaining Treatment

Florida
Do Not Resuscitate Order

Georgia
DNR Order

Hawaii
CCO and DNR Information

Idaho
POST Patient FAQs

Illinois
Advance Directives and DNR Orders

Indiana
Out of Hospital Do Not Resuscitate Declarations

Iowa
Out of Hospital DNR

Kansas
Advance Directives Information and DNR Form

Kentucky
End-of-Life Care Information

Louisiana
Declarations for Life-Sustaining Proceures

Maine
Comfort Care/DNR Program

Maryland
Order for Life Sustaining Treatment

Massachusetts
Medical Orders for Life-Sustaining Treatment and DNR

Michigan
Do Not Resuscitate Policy

Minnesota
DNR Information

Mississippi
Advance Health Care Directive

Missouri
DNR Order

Montana
Do Not Resuscitate Protocol

Nebraska
Advance Directive Information

Nevada
DNR Application

New Hampshire
Do Not Resuscitate Identification

New Jersey
DNR Orders

New Mexico
DNR Orders

New York
DNR Order
DNR FAQs

North Carolina
DNR and MOST Forms

North Dakota
DNR Handbook

Ohio
DNR Information

Oklahoma
DNR Consent Form

Orgeon
End of Life Care

Pennsylvania
Out of Hospital DNR Orders

Rhode Island
DNR Comfort One Handbook

South Carolina
EMS DNR Order

South Dakota
Advanced Directives (DNR Orders)

Tennessee
POST/DNR Info

Texas
Do Not Resuscitate Program

Utah
Life With Dignity / POLST / DNR

Vermont
DNR Form

Virgina
Durable Do Not Resuscitate Program

Washington
DNR Info

West Virginia
Do Not Resuscitate Act

Wisconsin
DNR Info

Wyoming
DNR/Comfot One Info


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